Continuing with the Gospels. Luke’s version is addressed to Theophilus and written in the knowledge that other Gospels existed. Luke feels like a more detailed story, with each event more fully described. It goes back further, starting with the conception of John the Baptist, and how Mary the mother of Jesus comes and stays with the family. Also the angel Gabriel visits Mary and tells her what’s going on (in Matthew, only Joseph is visited). There are new details which I don’t think are covered by Matthew and Mark :
- the nativity story includes the manger setting and the shepherds following the star,
- Jesus at 12 questioning the doctors in the temple,
- Jesus teaching and curing people before calling the disciples, and the miraculous catch of fish in Simon’s boat (5:6)
- Mary Magdalene was cleaned of seven devils (7:2)
- Jesus calls another 70 disciples after the first 12, to spread the word, but they must set forth at once, not tarry to say their goodbyes to family, or in one case, bury his father (6:59-62, 7:1)
- parables of the good samaritan (10:30-37) and the prodigal son (15:11-32)
- ten lepers cured but only one returns to offer thanks and praise (Ch. 17)
Again, many of the stories are repeated and the same words and speeches used. As eyewitnesses, there certainly seems enough evidence to support the story of Jesus’ life was generally agreed on, and enough differences to believe different authors have reported individually, perhaps referencing an earlier version or the earliest of the four Gospels?
Luke requires greater study in some parts to understand what appears contradictions in Jesus’ words and thoughts :
“I have not come to give peace on earth but division …” Luke, 12: 51
“Who comes to me but does not hate his father ….. cannot be my disciple” Luke, 15:26
Oh, and the shy creature from Revelation 4:7 paired with Luke in the image above is a calf.
“Depart from me, all ye workers of iniquity” Luke, 13:27
Elias: both a forerunner to someone greater (as John the Baptist foreshadows Jesus), and also someone with a specific mission to fulfill. Also the New Testament version naming of Elijah, so it cam be confusing to know in which context the word is used in each instance.
Noe : Noah (easy one)
mammon : money, wealth, material possessions, and greed for these
Personal rating: Still preferring Matthew, so Luke gets 4/10
Next : No surprise here. The Gospel according to St. John